A food forest is usually made up of seven layers to produce a garden containing edible plants and trees that are self-sustaining and can yield a lot of food in a relatively small space. This can be a viable gardening strategy for those who do not have that much land by making the most out of your vertical space.
Here are the 7 layers of a food forest:
- Canopy (apples, pears, walnut, cherries, chestnut) – Should have lots of space in between the tress to let in light. Small lots will not have enough space for these.
- Lower Tree Layer (persimmon, lemon, mulberry, pear, plum, apple, almond, nectarine, peach) – This layer is similar to the canopy but with Sem-dwarf and dwarf trees. This can serve as the canopy in a smaller garden.
- Shrub Layer (blueberry, raspberry, hazelnut, gooseberry)
- Herbaceous Layer (dill, fennel, alfalfa) – May include medicinal and culinary herbs, non-woody vegetation such as perennial vegetables, mulch plants.
- Ground Cover Layer (garlic, onions, potatoes, radishes)
- Soil Surface Layer (ground cover, strawberry, clover, nasturim)
- Vine Layer (kiwi, grapes, and climbing annuals such as squash and cucumbers)